Santa Monica, California, is known for its progressive social consciousness. The Los Angeles County coastal city now wants to find out how its citizens are feeling. The City of Santa Monica has won a $1 million grant to develop an index to measure the satisfaction of residents, all in an effort to improve public policy.
Bloomberg Philanthropies, led by New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg, offered the ‘Mayor’s Challenge’ prize to cities to discover “innovative local solutions to national problems”. Providence, RI, took the top spot, winning $5 million to launch its ‘Providence Talks’ program, which is designed to improve the language skills of children born into low-income homes.
Houston, Chicago and Philadelphia were also named runners-up alongside Santa Monica. They too will receive a $1-million prize to kick-start projects such as a “one bin for all” recycling program and an analytics platform that will make city government more efficient.
“The competition has provided evidence that cities are really the new laboratories of democracy,” Bloomberg said.
Santa Monica will develop its happiness index over the next two years. City officials and Rand Corporation researchers propose tracking the physical health, social connectedness and community resilience of residents. Once officials pinpoint how residents are faring, they can direct money and resources where needs are greatest. The city has already completed a youth well-being study that found most students were healthy and felt safe at school.
The city of Santa Monica is not only interested in becoming more sustainable, it is already working to achieve that goal. It has had an Office of Sustainability and the Environment since 1994. Dean Kubani is director of the office and its programs. In describing the development of a happiness index, he stated:
“Research shows that the conditions that make people happy are (among other things): strong family and community connections; positive physical and mental health; a feeling of comfort and safety in one’s surroundings; gainful and fulfilling work; and a pleasant environment to live in.
“In Santa Monica we plan to measure local wellbeing through a combination of subjective data (basically interviewing a lot of people about how they perceive their own wellbeing and the conditions that impact their wellbeing) and objective data like crime rates, public heath indicators, educational data, economic and jobs data, environmental indicators and others that address all of these various conditions and ‘happiness factors’.
“We will aggregate this into a Wellbeing Index that will inform our City Council and other community leaders on directing resources to those areas (both geographic and topical) identified by the data as wellbeing ‘gaps’. The ultimate goal is to continually collect this data, and use it to increase the wellbeing of our community. Making more informed decisions will hopefully result in better outcomes for our residents. This is similar to the way our sustainability indicators and targets inform our decision-making process now.”
The ultimate goal is to build sustainable, resilient communities where the residents connect with each other and with nature—all within the means of nature. That way of life will help people thrive and be happy. As Dean Kubani said, “If we can help each other along, we can sleep well at night.”
For more information, contact the City of Santa Monica, Office of Sustainability and the Environment, 200 Santa Monica Pier, Ste J, Santa Monica, CA 90401. Phone: 310-458-2213. Website: <www.sustainablesm.org>
Sustainable Santa Monica Background
On September 20, 1994 Santa Monica’s City Council adopted the city’s first Sustainable City Program to ensure that Santa Monica can continue to meet its current environmental, economic and social needs without compromising the ability of future generations to do the same. The program has evolved since its adoption and has been responsible for many positive changes in the community. In 2003, City Council adopted an expanded version of the program called the Sustainable City Plan, which was developed by a diverse group of community stakeholders and lays out far-reaching sustainability goals for the community. In 2012, Santa Monica began a comprehensive update of the Sustainable City Plan in order to lay the foundation for future sustainability successes.
Additional information is available at <www.sustainablesm.org>. If you have questions, please contact the Office of Sustainability and the Environment at: (Phone) 310-458-2213 or (Email) email@example.com.
10 Guiding Principles provide the basis from which effective decisions are made.
1. The Concept of Sustainability Guides City Policy
2. Protection, Preservation, and Restoration of the Natural Environment
is a High Priority of the City
3. Environmental Quality, Economic Health and Social Equity are Mutually Dependent
4. All Decisions Have Implications to the Long-term Sustainability of Santa Monica
5. Community Awareness, Responsibility, Participation and Education are Key Elements of a Sustainable Community
6. Santa Monica Recognizes Its Linkage with the Regional, National, and Global Community
7. Those Sustainability Issues Most Important to the Community Will be Addressed First, and the Most Cost-Effective Programs and Policies Will be Selected
8. The City is Committed to Procurement Decisions which Minimize Negative Environmental and Social Impacts
9. Cross-sector Partnerships Are Necessary to Achieve Sustainable Goals
10. The Precautionary Principle Provides a Complimentary Framework to Help Guide City Decision-Makers in the Pursuit of Sustainability
Sustainable Santa Monica ~ 2012 Achievement Highlights
- Expanding Efficiency: More than 700 water saving devices were installed in homes and businesses throughout the city.
- Solar Success: To date, there are 377 grid connected solar projects in the city representing 2.945 megawatts of solar capacity.
- Compost Collection: The food waste composting program kept more than 4,000,000 pounds of food waste out of the landfill.
- Biking is Big: Bike lanes and routes were installed on 18 miles of city streets.
- Pedal Parking: The bike valet program parked 24,000 bikes for free at 217 community events around the city.
- Friendly Fuels: Public electric vehicle charging stations were installed at 24 locations adding to the more than 100 EV charging stations already available at private locations.
- Community Commerce: 518 businesses joined ‘Buy Local Santa Monica’ and demonstrated their commitment to our local community.
- Local Leadership: Nineteen businesses were recognized for their exceptional commitment to sustainable practices through the ‘Green Business Certification Program’.
Environmental and Public Health
- Diligent Disposal: Community members using the Household Hazardous Waste Programs kept nearly 250,000 lbs
- of hazardous materials and 32,000 lbs of household batteries out of the landfill.
- Resource Reuse: More than 64,000,000 gallons of urban runoff were harvested and treated for reuse at the Santa Monica Urban Runoff Recycling Facility.
- Market Madness: Sales are up 5% at four thriving farmers’ markets that provide fresh, locally grown produce to nearly a million visitors each year!
- Better Bags: Implementation of the ‘Single Use Carryout Bag Ban’ eliminated 21,000,000 plastic bags from circulation throughout the city.
Open Space and Land Use
- Outstanding Open Space: Santa Monica’s open space system now includes 245 acres of state beach and 27 community parks.
- Total Trees: An additional 1,384 new trees were added to the existing 34,500 public trees in Santa Monica’s urban forest.
- Homeless Help: ‘Project Homecoming’ helped 266 previously homeless individuals reunite with family and friends able to offer permanent housing and ongoing support.
- Safe Streets: Serious crimes against persons and property dropped 4.8%.
- Community Care: The Human Services Grants Program provided over $7,400,00 to support local family, disability, employment and homeless services.
- Housing Hope: 101 affordable housing units were completed and construction began on an additional 354 affordable housing units.
- Complete Communities: More than 90% of all new housing units are within a mile of a transit stop, open space and a grocery store.
Arts and Culture
- Adding Arts: City Council approved the addition of an ‘Arts and Culture Goal Area’ in the Sustainable City Plan.
- Creative Culture: The full spectrum of cultural, artistic and design goods and services known as the ‘Creative Sector’ employ 43% of Santa Monica residents.
Community Education and Civic Participation
- People Participate: Nearly 9,000 people participated in the Santa Monica Festival and 20,000 people attended the AltCar and AltBuild Expos.
- Environmental Education: More than 800 people participated in the ‘Sustainable Works Community Greening Program’.
- Individual Input: Voter turnout in the November 2010 off-year election was 65%, exceeding the Sustainable City Plan target of 50%.
Sample of Future Goals
- Become water self-sufficient (i.e no water from the Colorado River or northern California – only local well water, rainwater and recycled/reclaimed water) by 2020
- Achieve 95% waste diversion from the landfill by 2030
- Get community greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 80% below 1990 by 2050 (Santa Monica is already 14% below 1990 levels now).